Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare birth defect in which a baby is born without part of the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). Instead of. Esophageal atresia is the most common GI atresia. The estimated incidence is 1 in live births. Other congenital malformations are present in up to 50% of. Esophageal atresia is a congenital medical condition (birth defect) that affects the alimentary tract. It causes the esophagus to end in a blind-ended pouch rather.

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Esophageal atresia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

The presence of EA is suspected in an infant with excessive salivation drooling and in a newborn with drooling that is edophagus accompanied by choking, coughing and sneezing.

The images are in the public domain and thus free of any copyright restrictions. Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. Read about your rights and how we protect your data.

All studies receiving U. The upper esophageal pouch ends blindly.

Tracheoesophageal fistula is an abnormal connection in one or more places between the esophagus esophxgus tube that leads from the throat to the stomach and the trachea the tube that leads from the throat to the windpipe and lungs. The reason this failure occurs is not fully understood. Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists.


Care is taken to prevent the baby from breathing secretions into the lungs.

Treatments for the condition vary depending on its severity. This affects the normal mechanism that propels food down the esophagus and to the stomach motility and results in swallowing difficulties.

Affected children often experience recurrent chest infections particularly in the first few esophagua after the repair. Tests to check daalah the condition will be carried out after your baby is born, if they seem to be having problems swallowing or breathing.

Treatment is best performed at tertiary referral hospitals that are well versed in treating these conditions. Views Read Edit View history.

Pediatric Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Esophageal Atresia | Children’s National

If you are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, talk with your doctor about ways to increase your chances of having a healthy baby. Heart defects are the most common associated congenital defect.

Back to Health A-Z. This form is rare, accounting for approximately 2 percent of cases.

Other birth defects may co-exist, particularly in the heartbut sometimes also in the anus, spinal column, or kidneys. The esophagus is separated in two with both the upper and lower portions ending in blind pouches. Infobox medical condition new Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August In other cases, another operation may be necessary to open up the esophagus so food can pass to the stomach properly.


Using the Foker technique, surgeons place traction sutures in the tiny esophageal ends and increase the tension on these sutures daily until the ends are close enough to be sewn together. News qtresia World Report for the fifth year in a row!

Post operative complications sometimes arise, including a leak at the site of closure of the esophagus. Choledochal cysts Caroli disease Biliary atresia. The tube’s position in the esophagus can also be seen with the X-ray. These two segments do not connect. The symptoms of TE fistula or esophageal atresia are usually noted very soon after birth. Our multidisciplinary pediatric team helps more than children every year.

Esophageal atresia

Anatomy, histology, embryology, and developmental anomalies of the esophagus. Contact the hospital or your GP if your child is choking or coughing on their feeds, has any difficulty swallowing or is failing to gain weight.

The upper segment ends in a blind pouch.

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