This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Subgaleal Hematoma, Subgaleal Hemorrhage. Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and. Subgaleal hematoma developed one to eight days after minor head trauma in four children and in two infants, one with presumed trauma. These six children.

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Transfusion and phototherapy may be necessary.

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Neonatal subgaleal hemorrhage: diagnosis and management

If enough blood accumulates a visible fluid hemaoma may be seen. The presence of fluctuance early on, whether or not the swelling is progressive, is an important distinguishing feature of subgaleal hemorrhage. Birth by vacuum extraction: Intrauterine hypoxia Infant respiratory distress syndrome Transient tachypnea of the newborn Meconium aspiration syndrome pleural disease Pneumothorax Pneumomediastinum Wilson—Mikity syndrome Bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Back Links pages that link to this page. Fluid boluses were suggested but not given because subggaleal lack of intravenous access.


Neurological disorders Birth trauma. Subgaleal hemorrhage in the newborn infant associated with silicone elastomer vacuum extractor. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles.

Thank you for updating your details. Sixty-four percent occurred after instrumental delivery. J Neurosci Rural Pract. Early recognition, differentiation from benign cephalohematoma, and prompt treatment by adequate blood replacement and correction of coagulopathies are the major determinants of successful management.

The use of vacuum assisted delivery devices and fetal subgaleal haemorrhage. Create a free personal account to download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, customize your interests, and more. This article has been peer reviewed.

Subgaleal hematomas SGH are rare but potentially fatal accumulations of blood beneath the galea aponeurotica of the scalp in the newborn. Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

Subgaleal hemorrhage – Wikipedia

Umbilical cord prolapse Nuchal cord Single umbilical artery. Loading Stack – 0 images remaining. Subgaleal HematomaSubgaleal Hemorrhage. One hundred twenty-three SGH cases are summarized from the literature.

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Footnotes This article has been peer reviewed. In term babies, this subaponeurotic space may hold as much as mL of blood.

Childhood Subgaleal Hematoma Following Minor Head Trauma

Risk factors Repeated use of vacuum extractor Coagulopathy. Check for errors and try again. Caput succedaneum Caput succedaneum. These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term “Subgaleal Subgaeal. Log in Sign up. Br J Radiol ; A g female was born at 41 weeks’ gestation to a primigravid mother. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers.


Danforth’s obstetrics and gynecology. It most commonly occurs after vacuum-assisted and forceps delivery, but may also be seen following head trauma or occur spontaneously. On their arrival, the transport team noted severe swelling of the baby’s scalp.

The lesion is most often associated with mid-forceps operations 14 cases and vacuum extraction 60 casesbut SGH also has been recorded after spontaneous vaginal delivery 35 cases and after cesarean section 11 cases. Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts.

She was sent to the nursery for observation with oxygen as required.

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